Depression is a negative state of mind surrounded by disappointments and sadness. Depression is that darkness that swallows our confidence, happiness and peace of our mind. It takes many reasons for someone to be depressed but only one significant reason of living can pull him out of the swamp of depression in which our work and life can sink for a lifetime.

Depression in proper terms is a medical disorder or illness that lets us move towards a sad and lonely path for long period of time. It not only hampers our mind, but sinks the ship of our individuality by being lost in the ocean of life. As Joyce Meyer said – “Depression begins with disappointments. When disappointments fester in our soul, it leads to discouragement”.

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According to National Institutes’ of Health, a significant count of people suffering from depression never seeks medical help. Ignoring depression is not healthy for us, mentally, emotionally and physically. We should seek medical help when we think we cannot help ourselves and are unable to heal our mind from the negative shadow of depression.

SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION ARE:

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1. Constant or continuous feeling of sadness and loneliness: When we remain sad and want to be alone all the time, we are trapped in the hands of depression when it continues for a long time. We feel sadness in everything and see gloominess of unspoken despair around us.

2. Feelings of hopelessness and irritation: When we are depressed, we lose self-confidence from us and fail in achieving our goals and deadlines. This makes us hopeless and we feel we are good for nothing which is not true but it irritates us and soon we enter the boundaries of depressed living.

3. Those suffering from depression may lose interest in their hobbies and those things which they loved doing before but now they don’t feel good about it. They don’t feel happy doing things which were their passion some time back. Depression takes in that space in our mind and heart which was previously filled with enthusiasm and joy.

4. Sleeping and eating habits change: There is significant change in our sleeping patterns. We wither sleep more or sleep very less. This disturbs our balance of body and mind and promotes depression in our life. Our eating habits also change, we adopt unhealthy and untimely eating habits that eventually shows that we are depressed.

5. Person may have suicidal tendencies: This is one of the most significant and life-threatening symptoms of depression. When we are depressed, it shows n our activities and thinking too. We feel our life has lost all its purpose and it is better to die than to live a life full of sufferings.

6. Low energy, poor concentration and no appetite: Depressed people often show less energy in whatever work they do. They don’t participate in social gatherings and keep themselves away. They sooner or later develop poor concentration and get very easily distracted.

TYPES OF DEPRESSION:

1. Major Depressive Disorder

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This type of depression mentally makes a person very weak, and the person feels consistently sad and low in energy. He feels lonely and abandoned which in turn breaks his self-esteem and interest in those activities which gave him pleasure in life. They live a life full of stress which disturbs their indulgence in justified decision making for them.

2. Dysthymic Disorder

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Dysthymic depression affects and disrupts a person’s quality of life but they are able to participate in work, family matters and social gatherings. They are surrounded by negative feelings and feelings of hopelessness. They don’t trust their own abilities and can’t concentrate on their goal. Also known mild chronic depression, less severe than major depressive disorder but they never feel happy and good about anything in their life.

3. Psychotic Disorder

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This type of disorder is referred to as delusional depression. In this condition, the person experiences hallucinations and delusions. They tend to move away from the reality of their life and their mind begins to identify and see those things and objects which don’t exist in real life. This interferes with their normal thinking and living a real life since they are surrounded by delusions. They exhibit hyperactive behaviour and find it difficult to lead a normal peaceful life.

4. Postpartum Depression

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It is also known as postnatal depression or PND. This type of depression occurs within a year after childbirth. About 10% to 15% of women suffer from postnatal depression after childbirth. It can be treated with antidepressants and counselling. A mother feels immense happiness after giving birth to a baby but women who suffer from postnatal depression feel hopeless and sad.

5. SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder)

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It is also known as winter depression, summer depression or seasonal depression. This type of disorder is very different from the rest of the disorders. The person’s mental health is remains normal throughout the year and suffers mood disorders and remains sad during winter or summer. This is more common that are further from equators. Psychotherapy, light therapy and anti-depressants may help to a great extent.

6. Bipolar Disorder

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Also known as manic-depressive disorder, this type of depression is a mental illness where a person experiences extreme conditions of highs and lows. Sometime he may be very happy while the next moment he may be extremely sad. This hampers the person’s normal participation in family and society. This kind of depression can be treated with therapy and mood stabilizing medication.

Depression in any form is life destructor in its own way so we should always take care of ourselves, love and respect our thoughts and keep our self-esteem high. Never ignore or suppress symptoms of depression. If symptoms arise that are relevant to depression, then immediate care must be taken since healthy mind is one of the most treasured part of our life. Life has it’s own share of ups and downs, don’t let it depress you. Make it rejuvenate you since life is a one-time journey which should be experienced peacefully and in full spirits.

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